What causes a cat to breathe loudly

Information from your internal medicine specialist: Feline asthma and other breathing problems in cats

While many cats tend to chronic fall ill and become noticeable with occasional breathing difficulties or coughing / wheezing, asthma in cats can also be acute shortness of breath or as a dramatic and thus life-threatening asthma attack present.
For this reason, it is very important not only to detect and treat asthma in the early stages, but also to have a special inhaler for cats and an asthma spray ready at home and when traveling, so that the cat can be given an asthma spray immediately in an emergency. This inhaler is also suitable for the treatment of chronic asthma. See the section below for more information therapy.

Diagnosis and therapy of your cat with asthma and breathing difficulties by the specialist veterinarian for internal medicine

The Diagnosis is not always easy and therefore requires a particularly thorough and detailed examination, which ideally is carried out by a veterinarian specializing in internal medicine. This usually also includes further procedures such as laboratory blood tests, chest x-rays and the exclusion of lung worms in free-range cats. Often times recorded by the owner are also very helpful Videos of the observed symptoms. So please bring appropriate videos with you.

Other diseases that produce similar symptoms must be excluded. These include diseases of the heart, toxoplasmosis, thoracic effusions (i.e. fluid retention in the chest) and their causes, cat flu, other lung diseases and pneumonia, mediastinal lymphomas, diaphragmatic hernias, and lung tumors.

In some cases, an endoscopy (bronchoscopy with BAL) may be necessary for more detailed clarification. With BAL, careful lung lavage (1-2 ml) takes samples from the lower bronchi for a cytological examination (cell examination), which very often provides important information for therapy. Bronchoscopy and BAL require specific expertise, especially in the anesthesia (anesthesia) required for this, so that the examination is not associated with unnecessary risks for the cat. It should therefore be carried out by an experienced veterinarian / specialist for small animals and / or for internal medicine of small animals who are familiar with this diagnostic procedure with a suitably trained team.

The therapy feline asthma should always include avoidance or minimization of triggering stimuli (cigarette smoke, sprays, air fresheners, textile cleaners, perfumes, dust (cat litter!), household cleaners, stress). The course of the disease can be progressive and can be exacerbated by permanent irritation of the bronchi or trigger a life-threatening asthma attack. If the cat shows acute shortness of breath (mouth breathing, bluish tongue, "pulling", laborious breathing), action must be taken immediately (emergency). For acute attacks as well as for long-term treatment, special inhalation devices designed for cats, on which asthma sprays can be placed and administered to the cat by inhalation, are very helpful. Depending on the stage of the disease, however, tablet treatment may also be necessary, and inhalation therapy has been shown to be very suitable for the treatment of cats with feline asthma. The side effects compared to the tablet treatment can be kept comparatively low.

You can find additional useful information in English on feline asthma and the use of the inhaler here: www.fritzthebrave.com and http://www.fritzthebrave.com/gallery/inhaled.php (cat inhaler, photos and videos).

Studies are currently being carried out in which various future therapeutic approaches for the treatment of feline asthma in cats are being examined.

Your specialist veterinarian for internal medicine in Hanover

If your cat shows breathing difficulties, we will be happy to help you in our specialist practice for internal medicine for small animals, which is accredited by the Lower Saxony Chamber of Veterinarians. We can carry out all the examinations necessary for diagnostics, including bronchoscopy and BAL, in our practice particularly gently for your cat and with sufficient safety for your animal. Your cat will be examined and treated exclusively by an experienced veterinarian for small animals and a specialist for internal medicine for small animals, who is available to answer all your questions about your asthma cat. We would be happy to demonstrate the use of the Aerokat to you® Inhalers (www.aerokat.com) and practice the inhalation technique with you.