What if the cocaine doesn't dissolve?

Heroin and Cocaine - Their Effects on the Psyche

introduction

I dealt with the subject of "Heroin and cocaine - effects on the psyche", since the subject of drugs is a current problem and will continue to be in the future.

I am very interested in this subject and was surprised myself how severe the effects can be.

Many people underestimate the effects and consequences of drugs and think “If I want, I can stop anytime”, but they are wrong. However, most of them are not aware of this. They do not know what they are doing to their body by using drugs.

It starts with legal drugs like nicotine or caffeine and ends with hard illegal drugs like heroin or cocaine. All of these types of drugs have a negative impact on our body and, above all, on the psyche. For many, it starts out as fun. It only says “try it out”, but in cases of hardship it ends in death.

I have now learned a lot more terrifying and impressive things through this specialist work and have therefore decided on the illegal and hardest drugs, these would be heroin and cocaine. I would like to write about their effects on the human psyche, as they are enormous with these drugs and thus offer a good basis for my specialist work.

I studied the effects of heroin and cocaine very intensively.

I have read numerous books about this and also talked to some drug addicts about it. The research on this topic was very informative and interesting.

I hope I can reproduce this scientifically and carefully researched in my thesis.

My goal was for me personally to learn a little more about drugs and their consequences, and to deal more with this topic and problem than I would otherwise have done privately.

1. Modes of action

Drugs negatively affect normal brain activity. They get into the consumer's bloodstream in a wide variety of ways. On the one hand by smoking or injecting, on the other hand by sniffing or swallowing the drug. The substances in the drugs reach the brain through the blood-brain barrier and, for example, attach themselves to the receptors of the nerve cells in the brain and block them. Psychomotor disorders and memory disorders are consequences that drugs can trigger in the brain.

Drugs also have serious effects on the soul. "Change of character up to personality breakdown, development standstill, amotivational syndrome [and] increased suicidality"1 can be consequences of drug use. Schizophrenia, paranoia and depression are also diseases that can break out on a psychological level.

2. Mental addiction

Psychological addiction does not mean that the person is dependent on the drug.

One does not become dependent on the drug itself, but on the feeling of what is aroused by consuming it. By consuming drugs of any kind, a certain feeling is released, which can be a feeling of happiness, satisfaction or even pleasure.

The addict needs this emerging feeling. He escapes into a kind of illusory world through drug use. He thereby suppresses everyday problems that he does not want to face, or is reluctant to face; whom he does not want to be at the mercy of. Arguing with the partner, anger with the boss or general problem situations in the social environment of the addict can be suppressed by these feelings during or after consumption for at least a short time.

These feelings and states of consciousness make the consumer calmer, more balanced and distracted. His everyday problems no longer seem to concern him.

The dependence does not show up in the fact that a person takes up the drug more and more often, but that he constantly uses the resulting state of consciousness in order to avoid the upcoming conflicts and problems to be overcome.

The desire for the mostly euphoric emotional outbursts is intoxication.

A poet named Jünger once said: "Intoxication is the release of consciousness from consciousness of loss of consciousness"2, but this state is usually never long-lasting.

2.1 Addiction

The addiction that occurs through regular use of the drug is a pathological condition. The addict now craves this drug at all costs. But now he no longer tries, like the addict, to take the drug only because of its changes in feeling and consciousness; the addict takes his drug regularly in order to avoid the terrible and painful agony of withdrawal or to end it as quickly as possible. If the addict does not get a replenishment, the withdrawal phase begins with anxiety, sweats and confusion. Sleep disorders and, in severe cases, even thoughts of suicide also occur.

2.2 Final stage of psychological dependence

After years of drug use, after years of addiction and addiction, and after years of chronic stress, both body and soul are totally destroyed. The affected person can no longer live without the drug. Withdrawal at this stage would be life-threatening. The person is completely isolated from their former social environment, they only live for the drugs. Because of this fact, there are some drug addicts who have to live on the streets as they run out of money to pay for rent and other expenses. They spend all of their wealth on getting their addictive substances. If they do not get their "substance" immediately, tremors, severe depression and panic attacks occur. Crime and prostitution is an easy source of money at this stage, and in many cases the only way out to avoid painful withdrawal.

Crime and prostitution as a procurement measure are particularly high in the case of heroin. The addict pays hundreds of DM daily to get his "material". Due to the constantly increasing dose increase, the addict must also be able to pay constantly increasing prices. This cannot be achieved with a normal working day. The black market is the best source of money for this. In order to get the drug you need, you either sell your own body or accept crime. The drug addicts then stop at nothing, because their whole life is only fixated on the procurement and consumption of the drug. Unfortunately, this is why the deadly HIV virus is particularly widespread among consumers, also known as “fixers”, who inject their remedy. They put everything they have in "material" together and share it among their "fixer friends". The same syringe goes from one person to another. It quickly gets dirty, but no attention is paid to it. The addicts only have their next “shot” in mind and don't care about a clean syringe.

3. Heroin

3.1 Origin

Heroin is the most widely used illicit drug on the world market. It is the most dangerous for the addict and the most valuable for the "dealer".

Heroin is grown in countries like Afghanistan, Iran, South America, Burma or Thailand and consists of morphine. It is one of the pure opiates from which heroin and morphine base can be obtained through a chemical reaction.

3.2 Ingestion

Heroin can be smoked, sniffed, or injected. Spraying is preferred, as this allows the product to have a stronger effect. Heroin is mostly injected into the arm vein, but it is often injected under the fingernails to hide traces.

Since the production of heroin is very high, it is estimated at around 1,200 tons annually, this drug also kills thousands of people every year, who died from the so-called "golden shot". "Massively addicted" fixers "need such an amount of heroin that up to seven non-addicts would be killed instantly by the same dose."3. This overdose immediately leads to respiratory paralysis and ultimately cardiac arrest. Many heroin addicts have no way of knowing how “pure” their substance is, as it is often stretched in the market with the help of baking powder in order to make a lot of money for little substance. According to estimates, the main areas of heroin consumption are, besides the producing countries, the USA and Europe.

3.3 Forms of Heroin

There are also four different types of heroin. On the one hand, the ‘normal’ heroin. It is a pure variety of opium and is actually called diacetylmorphine. It is a chemical compound of morphine and acetic acid. In the scene it is also often called "H" or "Heroin No. 1". It is a white or brownish powdery substance. "Heroin No. 2" is a mixture of morphine and heroin. It is a diacetylmorphine base and looks beige to beige brown. "Heroin No. 3" is also often referred to as "Hong Kong Rocks", "Brown Stuff" or "Brown sugar" and it consists of crystalline heroin with an active ingredient content of 30 to 60 percent. It's a salt form, hydrochloride. The color of this form is again different, it is gray to brownish. The last form of heroin is "Heroin No. 4". It is a heroin hydrochloride, white and very soluble in water. It is also called "Turkish honey" and is a particularly concentrated form of heroin from Turkey. The active ingredient content of this form is up to 90 percent. In the 1920s there was still a type of heroin pill called "Magic Horse" or "Wild Tiger".

3.4 Effect

Heroin belongs to the group of opiates. Opiates have a euphoric and analgesic effect. However, heroin creates the greatest euphoria.

Heroin suppresses sensations such as pain, fear, and worry. They have not disappeared, but are covered by heroin and pushed out of consciousness. If the effect slowly subsides, these sensations come back. Many addicts try to forget their problems and worries with the help of their drug. When they are back on the trip, they feel an enormous feeling of happiness, also known as a "flash". But after a short time this feeling diminishes again. A drug addict needs about 300 DM per day for his drugs. He injects it several times a day. To alleviate or avoid the very painful agony of withdrawal, the addict injects a new dose at the slightest sign of pain to immerse himself in a feeling of nirvana again.

However, after prolonged consumption, the heroin addict no longer looks for the feeling of happiness, but only tries to avoid the withdrawal pain. A conversation with a heroin addict shows what heroin can do. “She was pregnant when she was addicted. At first she was looking forward to her child. Her husband kept himself afloat with deals. He was also addicted to heroin. They had tried cold withdrawal at home many times, but one always pulled the other back. The child was born underweight and was addicted to heroin from birth due to the mother who continued to inject during pregnancy. The parents only had their "stuff" in mind and forgot their own child because of the heroin. The child died after a year. The mother was lying right next to it, but hadn't noticed anything because she had just shot herself again. ”(Cf.4 ). Even components like having a child cannot make a person stop. You are trapped in an addiction from which there is no way out. It is wrong for addicts to say that they can stop at any time if they just wanted to. To calm yourself down, tell yourself and others this phrase every day. They don't feel so helpless when they think they are in control of the drug, but the reality is different. The drug has man under control. It controls his physical condition as well as his psychological one. The drug changes the addict's life completely. Many heroin addicts fall into one big hole. They unconsciously cut themselves off from the outside world, they give up all social contacts and concentrate exclusively on the drug and the procurement of it. Your life consists only of desolation, loneliness, crime and addiction. Most addicts are completely unaware of this course of life. They don't realize what is happening to them. The drug prevents them from thinking clearly. In most cases, the life of a heroin addict ends in death. You give yourself the "golden shot". However, this often happens involuntarily. If the addict does not see a way out, he can take the “golden shot” voluntarily. One overdose of heroin is enough to kill a person. However, there are also addicts who understand their situation. They understand what they are doing and they know that there is no way out of this life. They know that their life ends in death by the "golden shot" or in years of addiction. Unfortunately, their life also ends in death, as they prefer suicide to the “golden shot”. The well-known “golden shot” is fatal poisoning. Even a small overdose can lead to a coma-like loss of consciousness, which in the worst case leads to death with slowing of breathing and subsequent respiratory arrest.

4. Cocaine

4.1 Origin

Cocaine is an extract from the leaves of the coca bush. It grows mainly in South America and on the Indonesian islands, such as Malaysia. The leaves of this shrub have a cocaine percentage of around 0.5 to 1 percent. Originally, the leaves of the coca bush were chewed by the Indians to suppress the feeling of hunger. This chewing of the leaves also had the positive side effect that they had a stimulating and performance-enhancing effect. "Up until the beginning of the 20th century," Coca-Cola "contained really low levels of cocaine."5.

4.2 Ingestion

In most cases, cocaine is sniffed, that is, "sniffed". However, it can also be dissolved in water and then injected like heroin. In 1992, Europe was the future consumption region with around 390 million cocaine users. "2,474 kg of cocaine were confiscated by the police in Germany in 1990, almost three times as much as heroin."6.

Cocaine is the drug of the rich. Cocaine was known as a so-called "Schickeria drug" as early as the 1920s. The material was very expensive and so, for the most part, only the better-off could afford this addictive substance. But even today, cocaine is still a "chiceria drug". It can even be divided into certain professional groups, according to Werner Gross, "What is the addictive thing about addiction?", NEULAND, Geesthacht 1992: advertising, media, film industry, music industry, stock broker, etc. Consumers naturally come from all other social groups Classes, but in the mentioned occupational groups one often finds cocaine users with a high level of awareness. For example the rumor about the cocaine abuse of Christoph Daum and Konstantin Wecker.

4.3 Forms of cocaine

The commonly known cocaine is obtained from the leaves of the coca bush. It is a white powder and is also known as "snow" because of its appearance in the scene. The end product of this cocaine is cocaine hydrochloride.

A slightly modified form of cocaine is the so-called "crack". "Cracks are small white to yellowish cocaine crystals that look like crumbled plaster." 7. Crack makes addicts even faster than the parent drug. In the

In manufacture, cocaine is baked with water and baking soda until it becomes lumpy and can be smoked.

4.4 Effect

“Among other things, cocaine affects the central nervous system, numbs nerve cells and makes them insensitive to stimuli. The main effect is the release of the body's own messenger substances, such as adrenaline and dopamine, in large quantities in the blood vessels and brain. "8.

When you first take the drug cocaine, in contrast to heroin, mostly only negative effects and side effects occur. These effects are anxiety and hallucinations. "The frequently reported increase in sexual sensations of pleasure (...) is always attributed to a paralysis of the acquired inhibitions."9. Addicts also suffer from a strong urge to move around and the need to talk incessantly. Hallucinations are divided into two different types. On the one hand it is about hallucinations in the skin area, on the other hand hallucinations in the optical area. The second variant mentioned here is more characteristic. When the intoxication subsides after a few hours, the addicts feel a kind of "hangover". “You feel exhausted, sullen and sleepy like when you are depressed. This depressed mood is said to lead to suicide occasionally. "10. To escape this mood, most addicts take refuge in the next intoxication at the slightest sign. Cocaine is also called the "social poison". When addicts are on a trip, they are strongly condescending to criticize themselves. A German psychiatrist named Hans W. Maier differentiates between four different stages of cocaine addiction. The first stage, in his opinion, is the instantaneous effect of the drug with or without the experience of intoxication. In the second stage, he names the chronic effects of the drug. This often leads to disorders of the nervous system and other areas of the body. In the third stage, it describes the state of hallucinations and paranoia even without cocaine consumption immediately beforehand. And in the fourth stage described, it is about the intoxication psychosis, the so-called cocaine madness. This condition can last for several days. The consumer no longer really perceives his environment, but has delusions and is guided by strong motor restlessness (cf.11 ).

Cocaine also paralyzes appetite. it occupies the stomach nerves and feelings of hunger and thirst disappear. The addict now hardly eats or drinks anything. In the long run, this means a strong emaciation of the consumer, with it the beginning of the physical decay. He is distracted by the strong urge to move and speak, as well as paranoia. He literally loses control of his body. He doesn't know what he's doing anymore. In such a state of intoxication, it can also happen that the person concerned commits a case of sexual abuse without directly realizing what he is doing. After doing this, the person no longer knows that they really did it because they have the feeling that it was a hallucination, if they can even remember the act. The cocaine user becomes a real threat to the whole environment. The hallucinations and paranoia can in the worst case develop into a rampage. In doing so, he can become very aggressive and thus also violent. He thus represents a potential danger to his social environment. With cocaine, there is no “golden shot” as with heroin, even if cocaine can also be injected. However, death from a cocaine overdose is similar to heroin. In both cases, respiratory paralysis can occur. With cocaine, however, with years of use, progressive liver damage or heart failure can also result, from which the user could die. Deep depression or constant emaciation are also, in many cases, a cause of death for cocainists.

5. Conclusions

In our time, drugs are being used more and more frequently by young people. Many adults are attached to drugs, such as heroin or cocaine, for life and fail to break away from them. Especially people who are in public tend to be more and more popular with drugs of all kinds. According to a rumor from November 2000, coke is supposed to be used in the German Bundestag. However, this rumor has never been revoked or affirmed. The actor Konstantin Wecker and the budding soccer coach Christoph Daum have publicly admitted to using cocaine. But what drives people to resort to such destructive drugs?

I think it's the pressure behind the celebrity people. They are being forced into a picture that they cannot present on a daily basis. They no longer have a private life, are in every newspaper with the slightest mistake and always have to show their best sides in a good mood during numerous interviews or other appearances. But many of them are overwhelmed with such a situation. You are under constant stress and cannot endure this situation physically and, above all, psychologically for long. You quickly reach for things that help you out of such a situation. Drugs that make people happier through the euphoria they create. They suppress the feeling of stress and the pressure that weighs down on them every day, at least for a short time. You will feel free and carefree for at least a few hours. Once you've gotten into drug addiction, you won't get out of there. The drug captivates you to use it continuously.

But even ‘normal’ citizens are increasingly slipping into drug use.

Mostly, however, unconsciously. For many young people it starts harmlessly with cigarettes, but often increases through curiosity and peer pressure to smoking hashish to hard drugs such as heroin and Co.

Youngsters want to prove themselves in front of their friends. They are so-called tests of courage ’that you have to pass by smoking hashish in order to be accepted into a certain group. If they get bored over time, they will look for something harder. Many see it as a game once they inject heroin. I once heard “you have to experience it”. "Just try it once, it doesn't matter!" Was said. In a way, it's a game, a game of life and death. Because even the first injection of heroin makes the body dependent. If you don't want to be at the mercy of the hellish withdrawal torments, you keep injecting and you're stuck in the middle of the deadly addiction.

Adults are also addicted to drugs. They have financial, family, and social problems that are overwhelming. Today's society demands too much from people. People with weak character see no other way out than drug addiction. They are overwhelmed with the demands of society and flee from it. Drugs help people forget the situation for a few hours. But drug use also creates a myriad of new problems. However, these are often not taken into account. What people are doing to their bodies by consuming such drugs, they usually do not even know. Drug education is not advanced enough. The risks that arise are swept under the table. Physical consequences and social gradation are completely unclear to most of them as a result of prolonged drug use.

In my opinion, the education should go better, in schools there should be more extensive discussion of this topic, because schools are also popular places for drug trafficking and drug use.

bibliography

“I declare that I did the technical work without outside help and that I only used the sources and aids listed in the bibliography.

In particular, I assure you that I have marked all literal copies from other works as such. "

Schiefbahn, 02/27/2001

[...]



1 www.jod.ch/allg_dro.htm, 11.01.2001, "On the harmful effects of drugs", 1. Psychological (mental and spiritual) consequences and addictive effects

2 Gross, W., “What is the addict of addiction?”, NEULAND, Geesthacht 1992, p.18

3 Gross, W., “What is the addict of addiction?”, NEULAND, Geesthacht 1992, p. 43

4 Schmitt-Kilian, J., "DRUGS - Recognize the danger to our children in good time", Wilhelm Heyne Verlag Munich, 1994, p. 86

5 Gross, W., “What is the addict of addiction?”, NEULAND, Geesthacht 1992, p. 51

6 loc. cit., p. 51

7 Schmitt-Kilian, J., “DRUGS - Recognize the danger to our children in good time”, Wilhelm Heyne Verlag Munich, 1994, p. 91

8 www.region-online.de/home/dsimon/drogen/drogen.html, 11.01.2001, "Drugs and their effects on health", 3.2.2 Effect / effects

9 Schmidbauer, W., Vom Scheidt, J., “Handbuch der Rauschdrogen”, Fischer Verlag, 1998, p. 197

10 loc. cit., p. 197

11 loc. cit., p. 198