Mango is a tropical fruit
The mango is the fruit of the mango tree or Mangifera indica, which belongs to the sumac family and was originally native to India and Borneo. Today, however, cultivated mango trees thrive in many countries in South America and the USA, in the Caribbean, Australia, Southeast Asia and in the tropical areas of Africa. Some species are also successfully grown in the southernmost parts of Spain. Through breeding, there are over a thousand varieties of mango trees, the fruits of which differ in appearance, size and taste.
The evergreen tree reaches heights of up to forty meters. Its leaves appear salmon-colored at first, before turning dark green over time. Numerous white or light pink flowers hang on large panicles, giving off an intense fragrance that is strongly reminiscent of oriental lilies. After the flowering period, the fruits take about three to six months to ripen.
Depending on the variety, the mangoes can weigh up to two kilograms and have a green, yellow, red, orange or colored skin and are popular all over the world because of their soft, sometimes fibrous and highly aromatic flesh. Ripe fruits are juicy and give off an intense and characteristic odor. Mangoes are one of the oldest types of fruit consumed by humans and were mentioned in writing in India as early as 1200 BC. The exotic fruits came to Europe in the 16th century by Portuguese seafarers. The pulp of this stone fruit is used in many countries around the world for the preparation of fruit salads and desserts such as sorbet or ice cream. Pureed mangoes are often drunk in milkshakes, smoothies, juices or cocktails. The fruits are also great for making jams and savory chutneys. The pulp of the mango also gives many exotic dishes with fish, seafood or poultry as well as curry dishes based on coconut milk a sweet taste component.
The high content of vitamin A makes the mango an extremely healthy food that strengthens the immune system and can thus protect against colds and flu-like infections. The fruit is also stomach-friendly because of its low acidity, it also improves blood clotting and strengthens the heart.
However, allergy sufferers should be careful with the peel of the fruit, as certain toxins can cause so-called "mango dermatitis", which can lead to painful skin irritation. In countries where mangoes are cultivated, poisoning occurs again and again, which is caused by the consumption of unwashed fruits contaminated with the milk sap of the mango tree.
A vegetable oil is obtained from the dried seeds of the mango tree, which, like cocoa butter, is used in the production of sweets and unfolds its nourishing properties in cosmetic products for skin and hair.
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