How often is the FIBA ​​World Championship

encyclopedia

International basketball tournament

The FIBA Basketball World Championship, also known as the FIBA basketball world championship or just that FIBA World Championship, known as the between 1950 and 2010 FIBA World Championship,[1] is an international basketball competition held by the senior national teams of the members of the International Basketball Federation (FIBA), the global governing body of sport. It is considered the flagship of FIBA.[2]

The tournament structure is similar, but not identical, to that of the FIFA World Cup. Both international competitions were held from 1970 to 2014 in the same year. A parallel event for women's teams, now known as the FIBA ​​Women's Basketball World Cup, is also held every four years. From 1986 to 2014, the men's and women's championships took place in the same year, but in different countries. The current format of the tournament includes 32 teams competing for the title at venues within the host country. The winning team receives the Naismith Trophy, which was first awarded in 1967. The current champions are Spain, who defeated Argentina in the 2019 tournament final.

After the 2014 FIBA ​​Championships for men and women, the Men's World Cup was planned in a new four-year cycle in order to avoid conflicts with the FIFA World Cup. The Men's World Cup took place in 2019, the year after the FIFA World Cup. The women's championship, renamed from “FIBA World Cup for Women” to “FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup” after its 2014 edition, will remain in the previous four-year cycle and will be held in the same year as the FIFA World Cup.

The 1994 FIBA ​​World Cup, which took place in Canada, was the first FIBA ​​World Cup tournament currently open to active US NBA players who had already played in an official regular NBA season game. All FIBA ​​World Championship / World Cup tournaments since then are therefore considered fully professional tournaments.

History

World map showing how often a country hosted the World Cup. Dark blue: twice; light blue: once.

The FIBA ​​World Basketball Championship was conceived at a meeting of the FIBA ​​World Congress at the 1948 Summer Olympics in London.[3] Long-time FIBA ​​General Secretary Renato William Jones asked FIBA ​​to adopt a World Cup similar to the FIFA World Cup every four years between the Olympics. FIBA Congress, seeing the success of the 23-team Olympic tournament that year, approved the proposal, starting with one tournament in 1950. Argentina was chosen to host, largely because it was the only country that was ready to take on this task.[4] Argentina took advantage of the host's selection and won all games on the way to becoming the first FIBA ​​world champion.

The first five tournaments were in South America, and teams from America dominated the tournament, winning eight out of nine medals in the first three tournaments. From 1963, however, teams from Eastern Europe (Soviet Union) and Southeastern Europe (Yugoslavia) in particular caught up with teams from the American continents. Between 1963 and 1990 the tournament was dominated by the United States, the Soviet Union, Yugoslavia and Brazil, which together made up each medal in the tournament.

The 1994 FIBA ​​World Cup in Toronto marked the beginning of a new era as active American NBA players were currently participating in the tournament for the first time (previously only European and South American professionals were allowed to participate as they were still classified as amateurs[5]),[6] while the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia split up into many new states. The United States dominated that year and won gold, while the former states of the USSR and Yugoslavia, Russia and Croatia won silver and bronze. The 1998 FIBA ​​World Cup in Greece (Athens and Piraeus) lost some of its luster when the 1998-1999 NBA lockout prevented NBA players from participating. The new Yugoslav team, now made up of the former Yugoslav republics of Serbia and Montenegro, won the gold medal against Russia, while the US took third place with professional basketball players in Europe and two college players.

In 2002, other nations finally caught up with the four power plant countries and their successor states. FR Yugoslavia, led by Peja Stojaković of the Sacramento Kings and Dejan Bodiroga of FC Barcelona won the last game against Argentina, while Dirk Nowitzki, the MVP of the tournament, led Germany to bronze, his first ever World Cup medal. In the meantime, the US team, this time consisting of NBA players, was fighting for sixth place. This new era of parity convinced FIBA ​​to expand the tournament to 24 teams for the 2006, 2010 and 2014 editions of the tournament.[7][8]

In 2006, rising powerhouse Spain defeated Greece on their first appearance in the final for both teams. Spain only became the seventh team (Yugoslavia and FR Yugoslavia are counted separately on FIBA ​​records)[9] to win a world championship gold. The USA, which lost to Greece in the semifinals, won in the game for third place against Argentina and took bronze.

In the 2010 FIBA ​​World Cup final, the US defeated Turkey and won gold for the first time in 16 years, while Lithuania beat Serbia and won bronze. The United States became the third country to defend the championship, beating Serbia in the 2014 edition of the tournament. France defeated Lithuania in the bronze medal game.

After the 2014 edition, FIBA ​​made significant changes to the World Cup. The final round was expanded from 24 to 32 teams. For the first time since 1967, the competition would no longer overlap with the FIFA World Cup. In order to take this change into account, the FIBA ​​World Championship 2014 will be followed by an edition in China in 2019.[10] followed by a 2023 edition in the Philippines, Japan and Indonesia.[11]

Qualification [edit]

World map showing how often a national team has participated in the World Cup.

Various forms of qualification were used in the basketball world championship. Five tournaments were held in South America, in which teams from America participated. At the first tournament, FIBA ​​intended that the three Olympic medalists as well as the host Argentina and two teams each from Europe, Asia and South America compete against each other. However, with no Asian team willing to travel to the event, six of the ten teams were from America (all three Olympic medalists were from America, and the zone was given two continental berths and one Asian berth). The former European power plant, the Soviet Union, first appeared in a tournament in 1959 after missing the first two events.

In the early years of the tournament, only Europe and South America had established continental tournaments, so participation in the tournament was largely by invitation. Asia later added a continental championship in 1960, followed by Africa in 1962, Central America in 1965, and Oceania in 1971. As a result of these changes, qualification formalized from the 1967 tournament. This year the Asian champion got an automatic berth in the tournament and joined the best European and South American teams. In 1970, the African and Oceanic champions were each given a berth, while the centrobasket master and the runner-up were each invited. For most of those years, the tournament director, defending world champion and top Olympic basketball tournament finisher also qualified for the event.

From 1970 until the 2014 World Cup, qualification continued to be based on continental competitions and the Olympic tournament. The only big change came with the FIBA ​​World Cup in 1990 when the tournament began drawing qualifiers from the redesigned FIBA ​​Americas Championship rather than North, Central and South America individually. After the tournament was expanded to 24 teams in 2006, the tournament allocated qualifications as follows:[12]

Each of the five continental championships also served as qualifiers for the Olympic Games, so they all took place every two years. The year immediately prior to the World Cup was used to determine the tournament berths. For example, all berths at the FIBA ​​World Championship 2010 were determined by continental championships in 2009. After the first 20 teams qualified, FIBA ​​selected four wildcard teams based on athletic, economic and governance criteria as well as a required registration fee from each team to be considered by the FIBA ​​Board of Directors.[13] Only three of the four wildcards could have come from a continental zone. In each of the two tournaments for which the wildcard system was set up, FIBA ​​selected a maximum of three European teams to take part in the event.

FIBA made significant changes to its competition calendar and qualification process for the World Cup and the Olympic Games in 2017.

First, the Continental Championships are now held every four years, especially in the years immediately following the Summer Olympics. The continental championships no longer play a role in qualifying for the World Cup or the Olympic Games.[14]

The qualifying process for the 2019 World Cup, which began in 2017, is the first in a new format. Qualifying takes place over a two-year cycle with six game windows. Qualification Zones mirror the FIBA ​​Continental Zones, with the exception that FIBA ​​Asia and FIBA ​​Oceania are now combined into a single Asia Pacific Qualification Zone. In each qualifying zone, the nations are divided into Division A and Division B, with promotion and relegation between the two. FIBA initially did not reveal full details of the new process, but did announce that at least in the opening stages, groups of three or four teams within the group would play at home and away.[14] Below is a list of the distribution of berths according to FIBA ​​qualification zones.

Tournament format [edit]

The World Basketball Championship has taken place in a variety of formats over the years as it has expanded and shrunk between 10 and 24 teams. The first tournament in 1950 began with a double elimination tournament with ten teams, followed by a round robin round with six teams to determine the champion. Between 1954 and 1974, each tournament began with a group stage preliminary round. The top teams in each preliminary group then moved to a final round robin group to determine the champion. In 1978, FIBA ​​added a gold medal game between the top two players in the final group and a bronze medal game between the third and fourth place teams. Every year between 1959 and 1982 the host team got a reunion in the final group. Of the seven visiting teams during this period, only three won medals despite the lead. As a result, FIBA ​​let the host team compete in the preliminary round from 1986.

In 1986 the tournament was briefly expanded to 24 teams. In the group stage of the preliminary round, four groups of six teams each competed. The top three teams in each group then competed in the second group stage, followed by a four-team knockout tournament between the top two players in each group. The championship went back to 16 teams for the 1990 tournament. The three tournaments between 1990 and 1998 each had two group stages, followed by a four-team knockout tournament to determine the medal winners. The 2002 tournament expanded the knockout round to eight teams.

In 2006, FIBA ​​made the decision to expand back to 24 teams and introduced the format that lasted until 2014.[7] In this format, the teams were divided into four preliminary round groups of six teams each.[15]

In 2019 the final round will be expanded to 32 teams.[14]
If the teams are drawn at the end of the preliminary round, the draw will be interrupted according to the following criteria:

  1. Game results between tied teams
  2. Goal average between the games of the tied teams
  3. Goal average for all games of the tied teams
  4. Move on

The two best teams in each group then reach a knockout round with 16 teams. It starts with the eighth final, where the top teams in each group compete against the fourth-placed teams in a different group and the second- and third-placed teams in each group compete against each other. This is followed by the quarter-finals, the semi-finals and the final. The losers in the semifinals play in the bronze medal game, while the losers in the quarterfinals play in a consolation class to determine fifth to eighth place.

Naismith Trophy [edit]

Map of the best results per team. Deceased countries are indicated by circles.

Since 1967, the champion of every tournament has been awarded the Naismith Trophy, named in honor of the inventor of basketball, James Naismith. A trophy had been planned since the first World Cup in 1950, but was only realized when FIBA ​​commissioned a trophy in 1965 after receiving a donation of US $ 1,000. The original trophy was used from 1967 to 1994. An updated trophy was introduced for the 1998 FIBA ​​World Championship. The original trophy is now with the Pedro Ferrándiz Foundation in Spain.[16]

The second trophy is designed in a lotus shape inspired by Egypt, on which maps of the continents and precious stones are carved to symbolize the five continents (FIBA Americas represents both North America and South America). Dr. Naismith's name is engraved in Latin, Arabic, Chinese, and Egyptian hieroglyphs on all four sides. The trophy is 47 centimeters tall and weighs nine kilograms.[17]

The latest Naismith Trophy design was unveiled at the 2019 FIBA ​​World Cup qualifying draw ceremonies on May 7, 2017. The trophy, which is about two inches high (13 inches higher than the 1998 version), is made almost entirely of gold and features the names of previous world champions at the base. The original name of FIBA ​​(Federation Internationale de Basketball Amateur) is also engraved on the “hoop” of the trophy. The trophy was designed by Radiant and handcrafted by silversmith Thomas Lyte.

Summary [edit]

Edition year host Gold medal game Bronze medal game Number of teams
gold Result silver bronze Result fourth place
1 1950Argentina
Argentina
64–50
No playoffs[a]

United States

Chile
51–40
No playoffs[a]

Brazil
10
2 1954Brazil
United States
62–41
No playoffs[a]

Brazil

Philippines
66–60
No playoffs[a]

France
12
3 1959Chile
Brazil
81–67
No playoffs[a]

United States

Chile
86–85
No playoffs[a]

Formosa
13
4 1963Brazil
Brazil
90–71
No playoffs[a]

Yugoslavia

Soviet Union
75–74
No playoffs[a]

United States
13
5 1967Uruguay
Soviet Union
71–59
No playoffs[a]

Yugoslavia

Brazil
80–71
No playoffs[a]

United States
13
6 1970Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia
80–55
No playoffs[a]

Brazil

Soviet Union
62–58
No playoffs[a]

Italy
13
7 1974Puerto Rico
Soviet Union
79–82
No playoffs[a]

Yugoslavia

United States
83–70
No playoffs[a]

Cuba
14
8 1978Philippines
Yugoslavia
82-81 (OT)
Araneta Coliseum, Quezon City

Soviet Union

Brazil
86–85
Araneta Coliseum, Quezon City

Italy
14
9 1982Colombia
Soviet Union
95–94
Coliseo El Pueblo, Cali

United States

Yugoslavia
119–117
Coliseo El Pueblo, Cali

Spain
13
10 1986Spain
United States
87–85
Palacio de Deportes, Madrid

Soviet Union

Yugoslavia
117–91
Palacio de Deportes, Madrid

Brazil
24
11 1990Argentina
Yugoslavia
92–75
Estadio Luna Park, Buenos Aires

Soviet Union

United States
107-105 (OT)
Estadio Luna Park, Buenos Aires

Puerto Rico
16
12 1994Canada
United States
137–91
SkyDome, Toronto

Russia

Croatia
78–60
SkyDome, Toronto

Greece
16
13 1998Greece
FR Yugoslavia
64–62
Olympic indoor hall, Athens

Russia

United States
84–61
Olympic indoor hall, Athens

Greece
16
14 2002United States
FR Yugoslavia
84-77 (OT)
Conseco Fieldhouse, Indianapolis

Argentina

Germany
117–94
Conseco Fieldhouse, Indianapolis

New Zealand
16
15 2006Japan
Spain
70–47
Saitama Super Arena, Saitama

Greece

United States
96–81
Saitama Super Arena, Saitama

Argentina
24
16 2010Turkey
United States
81–64
Sinan Erdem Dome, Istanbul

Turkey

Lithuania
99–88
Sinan Erdem Dome, Istanbul

Serbia
24
17 2014Spain
United States
129–92
Palacio de Deportes, Madrid

Serbia

France
95–93
Palacio de Deportes, Madrid

Lithuania
24
18 2019China
Spain
95–75
Wukesong Arena, Beijing

Argentina

France
67–59
Wukesong Arena, Beijing

Australia
32
19 2023Philippines
Japan
Indonesia
Future eventFuture event32

(OT): Game decided after overtime.

Medal table [edit]

In the latest medal table published by FIBA ​​on the FIBA ​​archive website, the 2014 championship is taken into account and the records of SFR Yugoslavia and FR Yugoslavia are summarized under “Yugoslavia”.[18]

Before that, FIBA ​​had a medal table from 1950 to 2006.[19] and another medal table with results from 1950 to 2006,[20] that separated the results of SFR Yugoslavia / FR Yugoslavia and Serbia or Montenegro into “Yugoslavia” or “Serbia and Montenegro”. The ranking of the teams between the last two medal tables is different, the ranking of FIBA.com being sorted by the number of total medals and the ranking of the FIBA ​​World Cup website being sorted by the number of gold medals. The number of medals won by the United States differs between the latter two tables of medals, even though they span the same time period. The latter two medal tables also do not contain the results of the championships in 2010 and 2014.

Finally, a FIBA.com PDF from the FIBA.com history section documenting the championships from 1950 to 2002 also contains a medal table with tournaments from 1950 to 1998 that also separated Yugoslavia before the separation, which is referred to as “Yussgoslavia” . [sic] from the time after the separation of Yugoslavia, called “Serbia and Montenegro”, and arranged the teams according to the number of total medals.[21]

The FIBA ​​archive also lists the performances of each national team and separates them according to IOC codes. The national team, which will be Serbia's first international tournament, is listed as 2007.[22] The tournament participation of Serbia and Montenegro lasted from 2003 to 2006,[23] and Yugoslavia participated from 1947 to 2002.[24] Chinese Taipei was listed as not participating in the World Cup, and its first participation in a FIBA ​​tournament began in 1986.[25] a team called “Taiwan” participated from 1960 to 1973,[26] and a "Formosa" team joined from 1954-1959.[27]

Below you will find the FIBA ​​table on the FIBA ​​archive website, which has been updated with the results since 1998. The records of SFR Yugoslavia and FR Yugoslavia (collectively counted as “Yugoslavia”) are separate from the records of Serbia and Serbia and Montenegro. In the case of the Soviet Union, their records were not transferred to Russia either.[28]

Participating nations [edit]

Key:

  • 1 - champions
  • 2 .. - Second
  • 3 .. - Third place
  • 4 .. - Fourth place
  • QF: quarter-finals (knockout phase)
  • R16: Round of 16 (knockout phase)
  • R2: Second round (group stage)
  • R1: preliminary round (group stage)

Remarks:

  • Teams that did not qualify for the semifinals at the 1986 championship took 13th place.
  • In 2006, when the tournament was expanded to 24 teams (four preliminary groups of six teams each), teams that ranked 5th in their preliminary groups were ranked 17th, while teams ranked 6th in their preliminary groups ranked as equals 21 .. The teams eliminated in the round of 16 took 9th place.

The most successful players [edit]

Bold type indicates active basketball players and the highest medal count among all players (including those not included in these tables) per type.

Multiple gold medalists [edit]

The table shows those who have won at least 2 gold medals in the world championships.

Multiple medalists [edit]

The table shows those who have won a total of at least 4 medals at the World Championships.

Other records and statistics [edit]

Eleven players - Ubiratan Pereira Maciel (“Bira”), Marcel De Souza, Marcelinho Machado, Anderson Varejao, Leandrinho Barbosa and Alex Garcia from Brazil, Phil Smyth from Australia, Daniel Santiago and Jerome Mincy from Puerto Rico, Eduardo Mingas from Angola and Luis Scola from Argentina - participated in five tournaments.[33][34]

Brazilian legend Oscar Schmidt is the runaway top scorer of all time, scoring 906 career points in four tournaments between 1978 and 1990. Nikos Galis of Greece is the all-time top scorer for a single tournament averaging 33.7 points per game Greeks at the 1986 FIBA ​​World Cup.

Serbian coach and former player Željko Obradović is the only one to have won the title as both a coach and a player. He was a member of the Yugoslav team that won the FIBA ​​World Championship in 1990 and coached the Yugoslav team that won the FIBA ​​World Championship in 1998.

FIBA names a most valuable player for each tournament. Since the tournament first opened to NBA players at the 1994 tournament, NBA players have won six of the seven MVP trophies - Shaquille O'Neal for the US in 1994, German Dirk Nowitzki at the 2002 tournament, and Spaniard Pau Gasol for the 2006 tournament Kevin Durant for the USA at the 2010 tournament, Kyrie Irving for the USA at the 2014 tournament and the Spaniard Ricky Rubio at the 2019 tournament. The only exception was Dejan Bodiroga from FR Yugoslavia, who was the MVP of the 1998 tournament when the NBA - Players were unable to participate due to the 1998-1999 NBA lockout.

Tournament growth [edit]

The 2010 FIBA ​​World Cup reached a global television audience of 800 million people in 171 countries. The official website received 30 million views during the tournament.[citation needed] Both numbers broke the previous records of the FIBA ​​World Cup 2006 and the EuroBasket 2009.[citation needed] Three of the Games with Lithuania were among the highest rated programs in that country. In China, 65 million saw the Chinese national team's game against Greece in the preliminary round.[35] This was an improvement over the 2006 FIBA ​​World Cup, which was held in Japan and screened in 150 countries. This meant that games would air in the morning in Europe and in the evening in America. Nevertheless, the audience broke records: Italy's game against Slovenia reached a share of 20% in Italy, Serbia's game against Nigeria achieved a share of 33% in Serbia and 600,000 spectators in the USA for the US national team's game against Puerto Rico at 1 a.m. In the morning.[36]

Before the start of the FIBA ​​World Cup in Turkey in 2010, FIBA ​​had already sold 350,000 tickets, which corresponds to sales between 8 and 10 million US dollars. The number of tickets sold was 10% higher than in 2006, although sales were less than $ 18 million in 2006, largely due to the strong Japanese yen. Meanwhile, FIBA ​​generated two-thirds of the revenue from marketing rights, of which one-third, or about $ 8 million, went to local organizers. FIBA had also successfully negotiated TV rights deals, all of which went to FIBA ​​for $ 25 million, including a TV rights deal with ESPN.[37] In 2006, the Japanese organizers wanted to sell 180,000 tickets, mostly to a Japanese audience. As for the overseas audience, the Japanese organizers “did not expect in large numbers”. This was seen as a big improvement over the 2002 tournament, which was a financial loss for USA Basketball and Indianapolis, which played all games in one city. As a result, the Japanese organizers hosted games across the country, rather than just in a single city.[38]

At the last World Cup, which was renamed the 2014 FIBA ​​Basketball World Cup in Spain, FIBA ​​reported impressive ratings from nations participating in the tournament in the first week of the group stage. Most European team games had a market share of at least 20%, including a 40% market share in Finland, for the Finnish national team's game against the Dominican Republic.[39] TV ratings in the US surpassed the 2014 US Tennis Open, but some US sports media still described US viewers as not interested in the FIBA ​​World Basketball Championship.[40] In the Philippines, the entire tournament had an average reach of 67.8%.[41]

See also [edit]

  1. ^ abcdefGHIjklmnNo final was played; The teams played against each other once in the last group game. The team with the best record wins the championship.

References [edit]