Muslims travel during or after Ramadan
Holidays during Ramadan: You should pay attention to this
1. Do holidaymakers have to adhere to the commandments of Ramadan?
Basically, people who are not of the Muslim faith are excluded from the commandments of Ramadan. According to the Koran, even Muslim travelers are exempt from fasting. Ask them to catch up on the fast when they have finished their journey.
In most Muslim countries, there are hardly any bans for non-Muslims.
But be careful: In the United Arab Emirates, for example, it is forbidden to chew chewing gum during Ramadan - even for holidaymakers! In addition, you should pay attention to long-sleeved clothing that is as discreet as possible.
It is also a question of courtesy and respect not to empty your water bottle with relish or to put delicious sweets in your mouth in front of people who are fasting. You should also refrain from smoking in public. During Ramadan, a bit of tact and sensitivity is required here.
2. Are restaurants, museums and other attractions open during the fasting month of Ramadan?
During Ramadan, local restaurants may be closed during the day and only open in the evening just before sunset. In cities or holiday resorts that are heavily frequented by tourists, you will always find restaurants that are open. In the hotel restaurants there are usually no restrictions at all - on the contrary: the evening buffet is often even more diverse.
Museums, archaeological sites and other sights sometimes close earlier during Ramadan. This can also affect shops and banks.
3. Do I have to dress specially during Ramadan?
In Muslim countries you should generally make sure that you don't show too much bare skin. Short pants, crop and armless tops and mini skirts are not part of the right street clothing. This gets a little worse during Ramadan.
What is Ramadan and what is celebrated?
Ramadan is the Muslim month of fasting and one of the five pillars of Islam. Thus it has a very high value in the Islamic faith, because the five pillars are among the main duties of Muslims. In addition to Ramadan, these are the five times prayers a day, the pilgrimage to Mecca, the testimony of the unity of God and the prophecy of Muhammad and the obligation to give alms (zakat).
Fasting in Ramadan is subject to strict rules. In addition to the requirement not to eat, drink or smoke anything from dawn to sunset, there are numerous other regulations that must be complied with. In addition, Muslims are encouraged to devote themselves to the other four pillars of Islam during Ramadan, in particular reading the Koran. Ramadan is also a time of contemplation.
Ramadan takes place in the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar. According to Islamic belief, the revelations of Allah to the Prophet Muhammad came this month. These revelations were then compiled in the Koran over the course of several years. With Ramadan, Muslims celebrate the month in which the Koran was written. In the Qur'an it says: "It is the month of Ramadan in which the Qur'an was revealed as guidance for the people ..." (Qur'an: 2: 185).
You might be wondering why Ramadan is called a festival? Fasting doesn't sound like it at first. The actual festival is not Ramadan either, but the three-day “Feast of the Breaking of the Fast”, which is celebrated immediately after Ramadan. In Arabic it is "‘ Id-ul Fitr "and in Turkish" Ramazan Bayramî ". You can compare it somewhat to the Christian Easter that takes place at the end of the pre-Easter Lent. At this festival, special prayers are said, friends and relatives are invited and dished up in large quantities.
The fast is also broken during Ramadan, every day after sunset. So it's not that Muslims don't eat at all in Ramadan, just not between dawn and sunset. Certain days of Ramadan are considered special days of remembrance, on which dinner can be quite lavish. The daily breaking of the fast (Iftar) is often celebrated together with relatives and friends, often until late at night. Many Muslims meet in restaurants or in tents built especially for breaking the fast to celebrate dinner together.
When and how long is Ramadan
Ramadan is always in the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar, but this ninth month shifts from year to year. The Islamic lunar calendar, like our solar year calendar, consists of 12 months, but only with 29 or 30 days each. A lunar calendar year is therefore approx. 11 days shorter than a solar calendar year. This means that the beginning of Ramadan is shifted forward by approx. 11 days every year in relation to our solar calendar.
2019: May 5th to June 4th
2020: April 23rd to May 23rd
2021: April 12th to May 11th
2022: April 2 to May 1
The determination of when a lunar calendar month begins is based on the position of the moon. Ramadan and all other months begin when a thin crescent can be seen in the sky for the first time after the new moon. Due to the location of Muslim countries in different geographical lengths, the beginning of the month can differ from country to country.
Ramadan can be in winter as well as in spring, summer or autumn. If you are planning a trip to a Muslim country and want to know whether it is Ramadan, it is best to look it up on the Internet.
The length of Ramadan depends on the length of the ninth lunar calendar month, i.e. either 29 or 30 days. When Ramadan falls in the hot months of summer, it can be quite exhausting to fast during this time, especially since the time between dawn and sunset is much longer. In some Muslim countries it is therefore allowed for the believers to fast according to the time of the two holy cities of Mecca or Medina.
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