Which are better autonomous or affiliated universities
The fact that most of the universities of applied sciences renamed themselves "Universities of Applied Sciences" years ago says it all: The name expresses the claim to offer particularly practice-oriented training. In addition, universities react very quickly to changes in society by offering more and more specialized courses, some of which can also be taken part-time.
There are 17 state and eight non-state universities of applied sciences in Bavaria. Almost 138,000 students were enrolled there last year. For the coming semester, many universities will expand their portfolio in the technical field to include job profiles that have arisen through digitization. The second major trend topic is and will remain the health sector. In autumn 2020 there will be new courses on nursing at seven Bavarian universities. The following bachelor's degree programs will start in the coming semester:
So far, the three-year midwifery training has taken place almost exclusively at special midwifery schools affiliated with hospitals. Several universities in Bavaria are now preparing a bachelor's degree in which interested parties can be trained as obstetricians in seven semesters. The course combines a scientific degree with practical training. It should start in the coming winter semester at the East Bavarian Technical University of Regensburg and the Catholic University of Applied Sciences in Munich. The Landshut University of Applied Sciences plans to start the midwifery course in the 2020/21 winter semester.
The shortage of doctors in Germany will worsen in the coming years, because many doctors who are still practicing will retire and too little trained doctors will succeed them. The Ostbayerische Technische Hochschule (OTH) Amberg-Weiden reacts to this problem with the training for "Physician Assistance", a job description that is much better known in the USA than in this country. Graduates should take on administrative as well as medical tasks and relieve doctors by, for example, caring for wounds, documenting treatments, organizing rounds or even taking on OR management. At the moment, the OTH Amberg-Weiden is the only state and therefore free university that offers a bachelor's degree for this job description. In the medical part of the training, the university works with regional clinics.
Digitization in medicine
With the fitness bracelet you can monitor your heartbeat without being overwhelmed with the app too quickly. In the health care system, things are a lot more confusing: From diagnostics to new developments for telemedicine, from assistance systems for people in need of care to data exchange with health insurers, practices, hospitals and homes are inundated with new digital offers. Many clinics, doctors and managers are overwhelmed by the question of which new devices and which software are really useful. In order to develop tailor-made solutions - and to be able to decide what innovations are actually useful, specialist knowledge in the fields of medicine, software development and technology is helpful.
Such interdisciplinary trained experts will train several universities in the future, with different priorities: Sometimes it's more about development, sometimes more about application. The Technical University of Aschaffenburg offers the "Medical Engineering and Data Science" course at the Faculty of Engineering. The Kempten University of Applied Sciences has set up the "Health and Nursing Informatics" course at the Faculty of Computer Science. And at the OTH Amberg-Weiden, the "Digital Healthcare Management" course is attached to the Faculty of Industrial Engineering.
Intelligent systems engineering
The new engineering course "Intelligent Systems Engineering" at the East Bavarian Technical University of Regensburg is located at the interface between electrical engineering and computer science. The ideal student is interested in modern microcomputer technology, enjoys programming and experimenting with electronic components. After completing their studies, the graduates should design programmable components that are used almost everywhere today, from washing machines to smartphones to autonomous cars. Intelligent control systems for the energy industry (keyword "smart grid") are also an area of application.
So far, "Artificial Intelligence" can only be studied as a specialization, now the Technical University of Ingolstadt is one of the first universities of applied sciences in Germany to offer a bachelor's degree in this booming professional field. After all, artificial intelligence is considered to be the key technology of tomorrow. The students should learn to develop software systems that simulate aspects of human intelligence: For example, programs for speech recognition, for the interpretation of large amounts of data, but also interactive systems that adapt to their users and can be used in robotics, for example.
Data protection and IT security
Data protection and data security are issues that corporate management, the legal department and IT experts have to deal with. The Ansbach University of Applied Sciences reacts to this with an interdisciplinary training course to become experts in technical data protection and IT security, in which all three areas are covered. Graduates should be just as familiar with cryptography, hacking and network security as they are with data protection law. They should also know how companies can use data in a legally compliant manner and act as economically as possible.
The Technical University of Rosenheim has an offshoot in the beautiful town of Burghausen, where it has identified a great need for skilled workers for the chemical industry. After all, Burghausen is located in the so-called Bavarian chemical triangle with around 20,000 employees in 18 companies in the chemical industry. The companies that have joined together to form the "ChemDelta Bavaria" community were involved in the development of the new chemtronics course. Automation technology engineers are trained who specialize in chemical and pharmaceutical systems and also master the digital tools - in order to be able to optimize individual systems later or to network them intelligently.
Process engineering and sustainability
Not only since the demonstrations against climate change and plastic waste in the oceans, it has been a good idea to pay attention to sustainability, the careful use of resources and the recyclability of materials during the production of objects. In Kempten, students in the Bachelor's degree in Process Engineering and Sustainability can deal with this from the start. Compared to traditional process engineering, recycling processes, water management and environmental technology will play a greater role here. After completing their studies, the students should later make a company's production more sustainable and cost-effective. The seven-semester course is assigned to the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering.
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