What is the evolution of Pink Floyd

Hohenstaufen High School in Göppingen
Writing project "Walls - Walls"


Pink Floyd - The Wall

by Benedikt Bockwoldt and Sven Hanold

Pink Floyd is an English rock band formed in 1965. The tonal and visual design of the records and performances made a significant contribution to the development of rock music. The band was initially part of the psychedelic rock movement. After the drug-related exit of the front man, the remaining members developed their own style with influences from progressive rock, blues, jazz and classical music.
The band's roots go back to the school days of Syd Barrett, Roger Waters and David Gilmour. First, however, Waters formed a cover band with Nick Mason and Rick Wright, to which Syd Barrett later joined. The name "The Pink Floyd Sound" is made up of Pink Anderson and Floyd Council, two famous blues singers. Later the name was gradually shortened to "Pink Floyd". Due to Barrett's increasing drug problems, David Gilmour was accepted as a member, replacing more and more Syd Barrett. The departure of Barrett in 1968 permeates the other works of the band. The band's popularity increased in the following years, not least due to the experimental use of instruments. The global breakthrough came in the early 1970s, with Roger Waters increasingly acting as a leader. The album "Dark Side of the Moon" became a rock music classic in 1973. The follow-up work "Wish You Were Here" was dedicated to Syd Barrett. In 1985 the band split up due to problems between Gilmour and the main songwriter Waters. After legal disputes, the band toured the world with great success without Waters. In 1996 Pink Floyd was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. In 2005 Pink Floyd performed with Roger Waters in Hyde Park. In 2006, Pink Floyd co-founder Syd Barrett died.

Pink Floyd's first two albums still contained songs by Syd Barrett, but especially the first "The Piper At The Gates Of Dawn". However, these were not rewarded too much commercially. 1970's Atom Heart Mother was the first Pink Floyd album to top the UK album charts. "Dark Side of the Moon" was the first publication in 1973 with resounding success: No. 1 in the charts, a successful tour and 740 weeks (from 1973 to 1988) in the American Billboard charts; a record that has never been beaten to this day. "Wish You Were Here" is called the best album by Pink Floyd himself. The album "Animals" from 1977, very much influenced by Roger Waters, contains many acoustic pieces and is provided with sarcastic lyrics. Probably the most ambitious and largest project was the conception of the album "The Wall" in 1979. The recordings highlighted the first serious differences between the band members, primarily between Gilmour and Waters, about where the band should develop. "The Final Cut" is about Roger Waters father, who died in World War II. The criticism of this album was rather restrained. In 1995 the live album "P.U.L.S.E" followed. Its commercial success was reflected in 2006 by the DVD of the same name in the charts at number 1.

In the course of their band history, Pink Floyd often used pioneering technology, such as time-delayed echoes or the reprocessing of sounds using effects devices. In their live shows, Pink Floyd perfected the technology of quadrofonie (multi-channel recording, predecessor of today's Dolby Surround technology). David Gilmour's style of playing was influenced by blues, rock 'n' roll and folk music, which is reflected in his famous solos. Richard Wright contributes to the Pink Floyd style with organ interludes. The electric bass and drums play a rather subordinate role. The vocals are split between Gilmour and Waters. The integration of soul singers serves to round off the atmosphere. One of the most famous Pink Floyd singles, "Another Brick in the Wall Part 2", was half sung by a student choir. In general, one can say that Pink Floyd relies heavily on psychedelic (reminiscent of Indian and Arabic music), programmatic (single notes, very harmonious), classical (strings) and intellectual phases and still has an influence on bands today.

The double album "The Wall" was released on November 30, 1979 and filmed in 1982. It is the eleventh and so far most commercially successful album by the British rock band Pink Floyd. So far, almost 28 years have passed since the release of this masterpiece, in which it became the best-selling CD by a British band and also the best-selling double album in the world. The songs on this album were written almost entirely by the band's bassist, Roger Waters. The best-known pieces on the album are "The happiest Days of our Lives" and "Another Brick in the Wall (Part two)", but they are always played together on radio and television because, as usual with Pink Floyd, they overflow into one another.

The Wall is a concept album, which means that all of the songs on this album tell a coherent story. This story is about a boy named Pink, whose father died early in the war and was therefore overprotected by his mother. This and the cruelty of his teachers at the time led him to build a wall in his mind as he grew up, which is supposed to protect him from emotional impressions and disturbances. However, he despairs of this wall when he realizes that it is in reality a wall of isolation that prevents him from maintaining his social contacts and ultimately tries to tear it down again. Unable to break through this wall, he says goodbye to the world that is cruel to him, not by taking his own life, but by becoming a follower of society and a fascist dictator. Towards the end, he accuses himself in an imaginary court of having shown feelings which, after questioning his mother, his ex-wife and his teacher, feels he is guilty and has the wall torn down as a punishment.
The album "The Wall" was filmed in 1982 under the direction of Alan Parker and with the musician Bob Geldof in the leading role of the adult Pink. The film of the same name is a silent film that is accompanied by the music from the album. The film consists on the one hand of real-life and on the other hand of cartoon sequences in which the wall in particular is visualized.

myth

The sound engineer for the album "The Wall" was a German named Peter Fischer, who disappeared without a trace shortly after the album was completely recorded and reworked. At the same time, however, Roger Waters discovered a strange irregularity in the chorus of the song "Another Brick in the Wall (Part two)", which is sung by a children's choir. Although each of these children credibly assured that they had not deviated from the original text, one could clearly hear the words "get him, get him under the roof". A few days later, the sound engineer was found hanged in the studio attic. Research revealed that the German used to work as a carer in an orphanage and molested several children. Scientists doubt this myth. They claim that this changed refrain is nothing more than a hallucination where you only hear what you want to hear. Pink Floyd made no changes to this song after this mysterious incident.