How do I drive when driving backwards

§ 46
Reversing and instructing

(1) The driver of the vehicle may only reverse or reverse if it is ensured that the insured will not be endangered; if this cannot be ensured, he has to be instructed by a guide. THERE

(2) marshallers may only be in the driver's field of vision and not between the moving vehicle and obstacles in its direction of movement; they are not allowed to perform any other activities during the briefing. THERE

DA to Section 46 (1):

Reversing and reversing, e.g. when turning, are such dangerous traffic processes that they should be avoided if possible. If this cannot be done without, special safety measures must be taken.

For information on reversing when using public transport, see Section 9 (5) of the StVO.

A risk to insured persons cannot be ruled out, for example, if vehicles at the rear of which the insured person is normally located, e.g. garbage collectors on the refuse collection vehicle (refuse collection vehicles), reverse or reverse. The instruction of the vehicle driver cannot be dispensed with.

For reversing refuse collection vehicles (refuse collection vehicles), see also the accident prevention regulation "Garbage disposal" (BGV C27) and BG rule "Safety and health protection in waste management activities; Part 1: Collection and transport of waste" (BGR 238-1).

For reversing on construction sites, see ยง 15a of the accident prevention regulation "Construction work" (BGV C22).

Otherwise, a risk to the insured can usually be avoided by

Fencing off the danger area,
the arrangement of traffic mirrors that enable the vehicle driver to see the danger area,
Reversing video systems,
Maneuvering warning devices according to DIN 75031 "Commercial vehicles and trailers; maneuvering warning devices; requirements and testing",
or
Radiotelephony, e.g. when transporting heavy loads.

Reversing lights improve the signal image of the vehicle and thus contribute to more safety when reversing. See also Section 20 (1).

A guide is someone who gives signs to a vehicle driver when his vision is restricted so that the insured person is not endangered by driving movements. He must have sufficient knowledge to be able to assess the traffic processes. Wearing high-visibility clothing makes it easier for the driver to see him.

For suitable hand signals see Appendix 4.

DA to Section 46 (2):

This requirement means that the vehicle driver must stop the vehicle immediately if the marshaller is no longer in his field of vision.

Obstacles are e.g. B. building parts, vehicles, pits, material stacks.