Which languages are extinct
Extinct languages are historical languages whose speakers have become extinct or whose speakers have switched to another language (have assimilated to another language community).
There are various causes for the extinction of languages. Extinct languages are to be differentiated from "dead" languages, the speakers of which are not extinct in the actual sense, but represent the historical forerunners of today's languages (e.g. the speakers of Latin are not extinct, but have more and more vulgar Latin over time changed until today's Romance languages emerged.)
A variety of languages or language families became extinct after the colonization of America and Australia. Linguists estimate that of the hundreds of Australian languages spoken before European settlement, only 10-20 will survive. The situation is similar in America. Here, too, the majority of the languages disappeared with the arrival of European conquerors, and were replaced by four European languages (English, Spanish, Portuguese, French).
Another area with a high number of endangered languages is New Guinea. Due to the geographical isolation of individual tribes, the interior of the island had a very high language density. The majority of the approximately 1000 languages are threatened with extinction.
A historical displacement is assumed for Africa south of the Sahara. Here the Bantu languages have often replaced older languages. In North Africa it was again Arabic that displaced the previous languages, including the important cultural language Coptic.
Table of Contents
Old Italian languages
Other Indo-European languages
- Illyrian, Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, Albania, Epirus
- Liburnian, Croatia
- Thracian, Balkan Peninsula, Asia Minor
- Tocharian, Xinjiang, China
- Merjanisch (probably extinct between the 11th century and 14th century)
- Meschtscherisch (probably extinct in the 16th century)
- Muromisch (probably extinct between 11th century and 14th century)
- Kemi Sami (extinct in the 19th century)
- Akkalaese (last first speaker died in 2003)
Ancient Mediterranean languages
Ancient oriental languages
Only ancient oriental languages that do not belong to the Indo-European or Afro-Asian language family are listed below.
- Garamantisch, North Africa
- Numidian, North Africa
- Akkadian, present-day Iraq and Syria
- Ammonite, Middle East
- Amorite, Middle East
- Ausanian, South Arabia
- Hadramautical, South Arabia
- Hatrenish, Iraq
- Lihyan, Northern Arabia
- Moabite, Middle East
- Nabatean, Northern Arabia
- Palmyrenian, Syria
- Phoenician Punic, Middle East, North Africa
- Qataban, South Arabia
- Sabaean, South Arabia
- Thamudisch, North Arabia
Old American languages
- Harald Haarmann: Lexicon of the lost languages (= Beck's series. 1456). Beck, Munich 2002, ISBN 3-406-47596-5 (2nd, revised edition, ibid 2004).
- David Crystal: Half of World's Languages May Become Extinct by 2100. World Resources Institute, September 19, 2007 (online (Memento from April 13, 2010 in Internet Archive)).
Categories:List (language) | Historical linguistics
Status of information: 04/30/2021 8:12:12 AM CEST
Source: Wikipedia (authors [version history]) License: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Changes: All images and most of the design elements associated with them have been removed. Some of the icons have been replaced by FontAwesome icons. Some templates have been removed (such as "Article worth reading", "Excellent article") or rewritten. Most of the CSS classes have been removed or standardized.
Wikipedia-specific links that do not lead to articles or categories (such as "Redlink", "Edit links", "Portal links") have been removed. All external links have an additional FontAwesome icon. In addition to other small design adjustments, media containers, maps, navigation boxes, spoken versions and geo-microformats have been removed.
Important NOTE Since the given content was automatically taken over from Wikipedia at the specified time, manual checking was and is not possible. LinkFang.org therefore does not guarantee the correctness and topicality of the content taken over. If the information is now incorrect or there are errors in the presentation, we ask you to contact us by: E-Mail.
- Do people feel other people's energy
- What is a second generation of computers
- What's your favorite DIY stain remover
- How do lasers burn things
- How should you consume alcohol
- How is Banasthali for BBA
- Who was the ruler of the Mughal dynasty
- Lease of farmland to solar companies in India
- What are some songs worse than Friday
- How long was your Harvard interview
- How to Make Mexican Pork Burritos
- What is the full form of SRNT
- How can I increase my concentration?
- Why was Jim Morrison arrested
- How does the economy affect family life?
- Are there GraphLab alternatives for Python
- Why does Macy's die
- How do I use the GoFundMe site
- How much do German Shepherd Dogs shed
- Which technology company holds the most patents?
- What are the manufacturers of molding machines
- Creampie is possible for men
- What is not physical brain damage
- Graphic design is an exclusive skill