What magic did Sauron have





no physical form after 3019 D.Z., possibly also death see below Sauron's downfall


General Melkors, Dark Lord of Mordor, Lord of the Rings, Lord of the Werewolves


Sauron, in Sindarin: Gorthaur, Abominable horror, or the Necromancer, was once a Maia in the service of Aulë.


First age

Like the other Maiar and Valar, Sauron rose (at the time Mairon) in the ages before the days descended on Arda.

In the service of Melkor

At first he was in the service of Aulë until Melkor, unlike the other Valar, did not want to improve the world, but wanted to rule it. He seduced Sauron and made him betray his companions. Under Melkor, who would later receive the name Morgoth, he became the most feared general of the dark forces. So he was given command of Angband, a castle with an arsenal on the western coast. They captured dark elves and turned them into orcs in the dungeons. When the Valar faced Melkor during the War of the Powers, the fortress was overrun, but Sauron was able to hide in the deepest caves of the castle.

Defeat in Minas Tirith

In 457 E.Z. Sauron took the Noldor fortress of Minas Tirith, and the beautiful island of Tol Sirion became a cursed place, Tol-in-Gaurhoth (Island of the werewolves) called. In 465 E.Z. he took Finrod and Beren Erchamion captive, killed Finrod and his elves in the dungeons. Retribution followed when Luthien and Huan came to Beren's rescue. After Huan killed Sauron's werewolves, Sauron assumed the form of a wolf himself, but was also defeated by Huan's strength and Lúthien's magic. He gave up Minas Tirith and fled in vampire form to Taur-nu-Fuin, where he spent the remainder of the First Age as a terrible shadow of his former power.

Second age

Forging the rings

After Morgoth's exile, Sauron was his successor in Middle-earth and was to act as his representative until his return. Around 1000 Z.Z. Sauron had gained enough power to choose Mordor as his bulwark and begin building his fortress, Barad-dûr. He took on a beautiful figure, called himself Annatar, Lord of Presents, and passed himself off to the Elves as an envoy of the Valar. With Sauron's help, the Elven Forges created the Rings of Power, three for the Elves, seven for the Dwarves, and nine for the Humans. But Sauron betrayed everyone and created his own master ring in Mordor's Mount Doom. With this ring he was able to dominate all other rings and corrupt their wearers, with the exception of the three elven rings. Sauron looked for them, but did not find them, for they were entrusted to the wise men who hid them and never again wore them openly as long as Sauron owned the ring of rulers. Thus they remained unsullied, for Celebrimbor had forged them alone, and Sauron's hand had never touched them; but they too were subject to the One Ring.

War against the people

With a force of orcs, wargs, trolls and other beasts, he finally invaded Eriador, where he was subject, however, to the combined power of the Elven King Gil-galads and the people of the Númenórer. After this defeat, Sauron had nothing more to lose, revealed himself openly and gathered all allies around him to move against Númenor. Through violence and terror he rose to rule over large areas of Middle-earth. In his pride he took the title "King of the People" with which he aroused the no less pride of the kings of Númenor. In 3262 Z.Z. King Ar-Pharazôn (25th and last king of Númenor) landed with a large force in Middle-earth and brought Sauron as a prisoner to Númenor. This capture was intended by Sauron, because only in this way could he become adviser to the king within fifty years and make use of the fear of death of the Númenórians and their king. Finally he persuaded Ar-Pharazôn to use force to obtain immortality. Thereupon this set out with a fleet for Valinor, which however led to Ar-Pharazôn's end.

Sauron's plans failed and Númenor perished, at the behest of Ilúvatar. Sauron's body, which was in the temple of Melkor at the time of the sinking, was destroyed. Nevertheless, his spirit rose from the depths of the ocean and fled back to Mordor, where he took on a new appearance: that of a hideous, fearsome warrior, in ghostly green-blackish shining armor with glowing eyes and burning black skin. The Dark rulers, strengthened again by his master ring, gathered his allies again and started 3429 Z.Z. an attack against the kingdom of Gondor. Although he was able to conquer large parts of the empire, King Elendil gathered an army with his sons to march against Mordor.

He made the final alliance between elves and humans with Gil-galad. This Last Alliance marched against Mordor, besieged Barad-dûr, and fought against Sauron's armies on the slopes of Doom Mountain. Eventually the Dark Lord intervened and killed Gil-galad and Elendil with the power of his ring. But Elendil's son, Isildur, took the blade of his father, Narsil, and struck Sauron to strike. He cut it for him A ring from the finger, which led to the destruction of Sauron's body. Elrond of Rivendell advised him to destroy the ring. But Isildur did not and so Sauron was able to continue, albeit weak and no longer able to take on physical form.

Third age

Sauron, the necromancer

Around the year 1000 of the Third Age, the shadow of a necromancer fell on the fortress Dol Guldur in the southern Grünwald, which was then called Mirkwood. Although at that time even the wise men did not recognize Sauron and he did not reveal himself openly, his aura of fear drove some peoples to migrate to more remote areas. Including the hobbits who moved to the Shire because of the danger. At the same time the Istari appeared, five magicians with different assignments in the fight against evil. When one of them offered to enter Dol Guldur to investigate the identity of the Shadow Master, who had become known as the Necromancer, Sauron withdrew and the Vigilant Peace followed for 400 years (2063–2460 D.Z.).

In the film adaptation of Peter Jackson's The Hobbit, a different picture emerges:

When Bilbo Baggins, Gandalf and the Dwarves in 2941 D.Z. On their journey to the lonely mountain Erebor, when they met the magician Radagast the Brown in his home Rhosgobel, he told Gandalf that he had already been looking for him and that he needed his help. Radagast told Gandalf of the plague that had befallen his homeland. Trees would die, plants would die, and so would the animals that ate from them would be poisoned. He also told him that in Dol Guldur he had found the cause of the problem: a necromancer had returned from the afterlife, a being with the ability to resurrect the dead. As proof of what had been seen in Dol Guldur, Radagast presented Gandalf with a Morgul blade that belonged to none other than the Witch King of Angmar. This being was one of the first to be resurrected by the necromancer and the only one Radagast had fought with during the events in Dol Guldur. Gandalf later reported Radagast's discovery to Saruman in Rivendell, but Saruman did not believe him. This sighted necromancer was none other than Sauron, whose power was slowly regaining strength and resurrected after years of annihilation believed to have occurred.

Gandalf's capture

The book "The Hobbit" mentions how the Istari Gandalf went to Dol Guldur to find out about the necromancer who had returned after the end of the Vigilant Peace. There he meets Thráin II, the father of Thorin Eichenschild, shortly before his death and realizes the return of the old enemy. He barely escapes Sauron and informs the White Council about it.

In the second part of Peter Jackson's "Hobbit" film adaptation, "Smaug's Desolation", this scene is also presented in a different version that partly contradicts the Tolkien original: After some time later the paths of Gandalf, Bilbo and the dwarfs parted ways, Gandalf sent the message to Radagast that he should come to him at once. When Radagast came across Gandalf, they both went to the rocky caves of Rhudaur, in which long ago, deep in a tomb, covered with a powerful spell, the Witch-King had been buried. When they found the cave empty, however, the two wizards suspected even more of what danger the world might be in.

Gandalf desperately wanted to go back to his friends, Bilbo and the dwarves, to warn and protect them. Radagast made it clear to him, however, that if their worst fears were to come true, not only his friends but all of Middle-earth would be in danger. Gandalf ultimately agreed with Radagast and sent him to Mrs. Galadriel to tell her: The enemy had returned. While Radagast was making his way to Rivendell, Gandalf went to Dol Guldur to put an end to it all. Once there, he asked the darkness to show itself. Azog and his orc army appeared unexpectedly before him, but Gandalf was able to hold back with his staff and defeat them for the moment. Now Sauron appeared before him in a flaming form. Gandalf tried very hard to withstand the power of Sauron. But he lost the fight and was captured by Sauron.

Later, in 2941 D.Z., Elrond, Saruman and Galadriel drove Sauron out, who then left Dol Guldur and fled to Mordor.

War of the Ring

In 2951 D.Z. Sauron had regained his strength and began to rebuild the Barad-Dûr tower. He sent the Nazgûl to the Shire, because he had learned the words "Shire" and "Baggins" from Gollum under torture A ring to get from this Baggins.

After the Nazgûl were incapacitated for a time - their horses drowned in the Bruinen trying to follow Frodo - Sauron became angry. Only with the help of Saruman and the army of Isengard did he begin war against Rohan, only to wage war against Gondor with his own army, led by the Witch King of Angmar. It never occurred to him that they might try to destroy the ring. So Frodo managed to bring the One Ring to Mount Doom, where it was destroyed by Gollum himself, albeit involuntarily.

Sauron's downfall

Whether Sauron's spirit really survived or ultimately died after the annihilation of the ring and the destruction of Barad-dûr is not clearly reported. It simply means that a shadowy structure, black, impenetrable and crowned with lightning, rose up and filled the whole sky: It rose mightily over the world and stretched out a large, threatening hand to them, terrifying but powerless, for while it was still hovering over them it was caught in a strong wind, and it was blown away and passed away; and there was silence.[1]

In the Silmarillion it says: But in later years he (Sauron) rose like a shadow of Morgoth and like a specter of his wickedness and followed him down the same path of ruins into the void.[2]

In the film trilogy Lord of the Rings Sauron's Eye imploded in the fall of Barad-dûr.

Individual evidence

  1. ↑ The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (book), Sixth Book, Third Chapter, p. 1044 Carroux translation
  2. ↑ The Silmarillion, Valaquenta: Von den Feinden, p. 45


J. R. R. Tolkien: The Silmarillion, editor: Christopher Tolkien, translator: Wolfgang Krege
Valaquenta: From the enemy
Quenta Silmarillion:
Chapter: XVIII: From the ruin of Beleriand and the end of Fingolfin
Chapter: XIX: From Beren and Lúthien
Akallabêth: The fall of Númenor
From the Rings of Power and the Third Age

J. R. R. Tolkien: The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (book)
First book:
Second chapter: The shadow of the past
Second book:
Second chapter: The Council of Elrond
Chapter 10: The collapse of the covenant

J. R. R. Tolkien: The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers (book)
Third book:
Eleventh chapter: The palantir
Fourth book:
Third chapter: The Black Gate is locked
Chapter 9: Shelob's watch

J. R. R. Tolkien: The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (book)
Sixth book:
Third chapter: Mount Doom
Chapter Four: The field of Cormallen