Is Iceland a Danish colony

The Danish colonies

The gold coast

From 1658 to 1850 Denmark owned small colonies on the Gold Coast in the Gulf of Guinea, today's Ghana. It was a series of smaller forts on the coast with names such as Christiansborg, Fredensborg and Augustaborg and each with a small hinterland. The forts, which had the status of a crown colony from 1750, were bases that had been built for an annual fee with the approval of local princes. Slaves were brought here from the interior, sold to Danes and then brought under terrible conditions across the Atlantic to the West Indies and sold on to the sugar plantations. An important map of the bases is Peter Thonning's "Kaart over de danske Etablissementer og allierede Neger-Nationer i Guinea" (map of the Danish establishments and allied Negro nations in Guinea) from 1802, of which the reference library has a copy made in 1818 by PJ Hjort owns. The places of the different peoples are indicated with color codes, European bases with flags, and the small red crosses mark a "powerful fetish that protects runaway slaves". Peter Thonning's map of the bases, copy from 1818 by P. J. Hjort The draftsman of the map, Peter Thonning, was sent as a young medical student with botanical interests by the General Customs Chamber to the Gold Coast to investigate the possibilities for economic exploitation of the native plants. He arrived in 1800 and stayed for three years, collecting and describing the crops of the Guinean coast. He also wrote a draft for a historical and geographical description of the areas allied with Denmark on the coast and in the hinterland. The map from 1802 is available in numerous versions, some of which are in the Reichsarchiv under the category Maps and Drawings of the Rentkammer (337, 26-30 + 32). It has been copied and revised over and over again, among other things. for use by Thonning himself, who was employed in the General Customs Chamber from 1810 to 1840 with the colony administration. The reference library card is one of the best designs. Thonning's map became the most widely used map of the area in the 19th century. It was used in a variety of political and economic contexts both in Denmark and abroad until the 1890s. Philip Wrisberg, the Volta River and the fortresses Kongenssteen og Prinsensssteen, 1825 Thonning's map was used, among other things. as the basis for a map of the lower reaches of the river Volta with two views of the forts Kongenssteen and Prinsenssteen, which Philip Wrisberg made King Frederik VI in 1825. sent with the suggestion to use the area as a Danish penal colony with associated plantations. The proposal was rejected. Later proposals for the exploitation of the colonies, always with Peter Thonning as a co-actor, ultimately fizzled out. In 1850 the African colonies were finally sold to Great Britain. Literature: Daniel Hopkins, "Peter Thonning's Map of Danish Guinea and its Use in Colonial Administration and Atlantic Diplomacy, 1801-1890", Cartographica, Vol. 35 / 3-4, 1998, pp. 99-122 Back to "The Danish Colonies "